Most parishes offer the sacrament of reconciliation proximate to their weekend Masses, and most priests are available to schedule celebration of the sacrament by appointment.  At St John the Apostle Reconciliation is at 4pm prior to the Saturday Mass.  You may also contact Father John Ludwig for an appointment at

Perhaps the most misunderstood and sometimes disliked sacrament is the sacrament of Reconciliation or of Penance.  This sacrament is a response to the real sin and brokenness that exists in our world, in our homes and families, and in each of us individually.  One of the two sacraments of healing, the Reconciliation or Penance can truly be transformative when approached and received with open and humble hearts.  One of the hang-ups people often mention with this sacrament is being required to “go through a man” to be forgiven by God.  However, this is not what the Church intends by this sacrament.  Rather, the sacrament of penance offers an opportunity for the person to experience the healing ministry of Christ through a representative of the Church.  As human beings, we have a great need to hear words of forgiveness spoken when we are conscious of wrongdoing; this sacrament offers Christ’s own words of forgiveness, along with reconciliation with the Church.  A fuller understanding of the effects of sin recognizes that the actions of each of us as individuals affect all of us as a community.  This sacrament, then, has been given to us by Christ as an opportunity to experience Christ’s presence as we seek to increase unity and communion with God and one another.  The sacrament is typically celebrated in a special reconciliation room or chapel, or in a confessional. A priest is the minister of the sacrament.


This is the Sacrament in which sins committed after Baptism are forgiven. It results in reconciliation with God and the Church. (US Catholic Catechism for Adults, Glossary)

There are four steps in the Sacrament of Reconciliation:

  1. We feel contrition for our sins and a conversion of heart to change our ways.
  2. We confess our sins and human sinfulness to a priest.
  3. We receive and accept forgiveness (absolution) and are absolved of our sins.
  4. We celebrate God’s everlasting love for us and commit to live out a Christian life.

Sin hurts our relationship with God, ourselves and others. As the Catechism states:

The sinner wounds God’s honor and love, his own human dignity…and the spiritual well-being of the Church, of which each Christian ought to be a living stone. To the eyes of faith no evil is graver than sin and nothing has worse consequences for the sinners themselves, for the Church, and for the whole world. (CCC 1487, 1488)

A mature understanding of sin includes reflecting upon our thoughts, actions and omissions as well as examining the patterns of sin that may arise in our lives. With contrite hearts, we are also called to reflect upon the effects of our sins upon the wider community and how we might participate in sinful systems.

Contrition and conversion lead us to seek a forgiveness for our sins so as to repair damaged relationships with God, self, and others. We believe that only ordained priests have the faculty of absolving sins from the authority of the Church in the name of Jesus Christ (CCC 1495). Our sins are forgiven by God, through the priest.

The Spiritual effects of the Sacraments of Reconciliation include:

  • reconciliation with God by which the penitent recovers grace
  • reconciliation with the Church
  • remission of the eternal punishment incurred by mortal sins
  • remission, at least in part, of temporal punishments resulting from sin
  • peace and serenity of conscience, and spiritual consolation
  • an increase of spiritual strength for the Christian battle (CCC 1496)

Individual confession with a priest is the principal means of absolution and reconciliation of grave sins within the Church. The Sacrament of Reconciliation frees us from sinful patterns of behavior and calls us to complete conversion to Christ. Reconciliation heals our sins and repairs our relationships.

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